THE TEN MOST RACIALLY SEGREGATED CITIES IN THE USA
Do we now live in a post-racial society with residential segregation a thing of the past? A 2013 report by professors John Logan and Brian Stults suggests not, since rates of racial segregation remain high in the USA, despite a growing trend toward greater diversity.
From the 2010 Census data, they analyzed segregation using a dissimilarity index, which measures the percentage of one group, compared with another (usually the dominant group), that would have to move to a different neighborhood to put an end to segregation. On a scale of 1-100, a score of 60 and above is considered extremely high.
The report considered segregation for major racial groups (Blacks, Hispanics, and Asian-Americans — all compared with Whites). Besides noting a general tendency toward greater racial diversity since 1980, the authors found two major trends:
- continuation of a gradual long-term decline of black-white segregation, now with some significant lowering in the traditional Ghetto Belt cities of the Northeast and Midwest;
- the rapidly growing Hispanic and Asian populations are as segregated today as they were thirty years ago, and their growth is creating more intense ethnic enclaves in many parts of the country.
Below are the results of the top ten most segregated major cites in the U.S., considering only the Black-White dissimilarity scores in the 50 cities with the largest Black populations; the results vary for other groups.
Black-White Segregation in 50 Metro Areas with Largest Black Populations in 2010:
- 10. Los Angeles, CA: 65.0
- 9. Boston, MA: 67.8
- 8. St. Louis, MO: 69.2
- 7. Cleveland, OH: 72.6
- 6. Miami, FL: 73.0
- 5. Philadelphia, PA: 73.7
- 4. Chicago, IL: 75.9
- 3. New York City: 79.1
- 2. Milwaukee, WI: 79.6
- 1. Detroit, MI: 79.6.
On the multi-racial maps of these cities above — with #10 Los Angeles on top and descending to #1 Detroit — each red dot represents 25 white people, blue dots represent 25 Blacks, orange dots represent 25 Hispanics, green dots represent 25 Asian, and yellow dots represents other ethnicities. These maps by Eric Fischer reflect 2010 Census.
Sources: G Thorpe, “Top 10 most segregated cities in the U.S.,” Atlanta Blackstar, March 24, 2014; and John R. Logan and Brian J. Stults, “The Persistence of Segregation in the Metropolis: New Findings from the 2010 Census,” US2010 Project, March 24, 2011.
Juba, South Sudan | December 29, 2013
A man named John sat and stared into the distance, a blank expression on his face. Stephen Nyak, a fellow Nuer who was seeking help for the man, approached an Associated Press journalist in hopes of getting assistance.
Nyak, relaying John’s story, said the man was caught in a group of Nuer early in the morning of Dec. 16, hours after the violence first erupted. Nearly all of the men in the group — said to number close to 300 — were shot and killed, though John survived. John says he survived the fusillade of bullets but was forced to drink the blood from a dead body near him, before the gunmen let him free, Nyak said. Whether the story was true, it was clear John was not well. Nyak said the men in the camp fear for their lives. To exit is to risk death, they say.
Some 25,000 people live in two hastily arranged camps for the internally displaced in Juba and nearly 40,000 are in camps elsewhere in the country, two weeks after violence broke out in the capital and a spiralling series of ethnically-based attacks coursed through the nation, killing at least 1,000 people. — Read More
Photos were taken by AP photographer Ben Curtis in a United Nations compound which has become home to thousands of people displaced by the recent fighting in the capital Juba.
"In 2008, a watershed was crossed and the world saw the irreversible shift from a global majority of rural dwellers to a new army of urban residents. Mass urbanisation trends predict that the world’s urban population will double in the coming 40 years. The cities of the developing world will account for 95% of that growth. These are the megacities of the BRIC economies, the urban giants of Brazil, Russia, India and China. These people-magnets draw in rural workers with the promise of higher wages and a better quality of life, but the delicate balance between expanding population and limited physical space defines the human condition of these powerhouses."
“I would sum up my fear about the future in one word: boring. And that’s my one fear: that everything has happened; nothing exciting or new or interesting is ever going to happen again…the future is just going to be a vast, conforming suburb of the soul.”
Brazil June 21, 2013
1. Residents of the upper middle class neighbourhood Barra da Tijuca shout slogans as they hold a banner that reads in Portuguese; “The people woke up,” during an anti-goverment protest in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil on June 21, 2013. (Felipe Dana/AP)
2. People yell slogans during a protest outside Rio de Janeiro governor Sergio Cabral’s house, in Rio de Janeiro on June 21, 2013. (Pilar Olivares/Reuters)
3. A man holds a sign that reads in Portuguese; “Corruption: Heinous crime,” in front of an advancing group of military police dressed in riot gear, at an anti-government protest near the Cidade de Deus, or City of God slum in Rio de Janeiro on June 21, 2013. (Felipe Dana/AP)
4. A riot police officer uses his front teeth to hold onto to a non-lethal grenade during an anti-government protest near the Cidade de Deus, or City of God slum, in Rio de Janeiro on June 21, 2013. (Felipe Dana/AP)
5. Members of the LGBT community join the protest on Paulista Avenue in Sao Paulo, Brazil on June 21, 2013. (Daniel Guimaraes/AFP/Getty Images)
6. Riot police mount horses amid tear gas fired at demonstrators during an anti-government protest in Fortaleza on June 21, 2013. (Davi Pinheiro/Reuters)
7. Men hold their hands during a demonstration in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, on June 21, 2013. (Yasuyoshi Chiba/AFP/Getty Images)
8. A man shouts slogans during an anti-government protest in the Ipanema neighbourhood, in Rio de Janeiro on June 21, 2013. (Silvia Izquierdo/AP)
9. Young people march next to a banner which reads ‘Education’ during a demonstration in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, on June 21, 2013. (Yasuyoshi Chiba/AFP/Getty Images)
10. Riot police get a respite from manning anti-government protests as they rest inside a police vehicle near the Cidade de Deus, or City of God slum in Rio de Janeiro on June 21, 2013. (Felipe Dana/AP)
TURKEY, Istanbul : A demonstrator’s clothes are set on fire during clashes with riot police in Taksim square on June 11, 2013. Riot police stormed Istanbul’s protest square on june 11, firing tear gas and rubber bullets at firework-hurling demonstrators in a fresh escalation of unrest after Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan said he would meet with protest leaders. AFP PHOTO / OREN ZIV
Philippines | November 15, 2013
1. A rainbow appears above typhoon survivors desperate to catch a flight from the Tacloban airport. (Damir Sagolj/Reuters)
2. An elderly woman peeks through a broken window of her house in a neighbourhood badly affected by Typhoon Haiyan in Guiuan. (Dita Alangkara/AP)
3. A Typhoon Haiyan survivor burns debris in front of the ruins of his home in the village of Marabut, Samar Island. (David Guttenfelder/AP)
4. A man cooks food at the Tacloban Airport in the early hours of the morning in Leyte. (Chris McGrath/Getty Images)
5. Filipino children play in a neighbourhood badly affected by Typhoon Haiyan in Guiuan. (Dita Alangkara/AP)
6. Survivors pass the time outside the ruins of their homes, destroyed by Super Typhoon Haiyan in Palo, south of Tacloban. (Damir Sagolj/Reuters)
7. A boy runs through the smoke of a cooking fire in the Typhoon Haiyan destroyed town of Guiuan. (David Guttenfelder/AP)
8. Typhoon Haiyan survivors ride a tricycle in Guiuan. (Dita Alangkara/AP)
9. A young girl walks amid ruins of houses in a neighbourhood badly affected by Typhoon Haiyan in Guiuan. (Dita Alangkara/AP)
10. A Typhoon Haiyan survivor cooks dinner in front of his damaged home in the village of Marabut, Samar Island. (David Guttenfelder/AP)
(All photos by Marko Djurica/Reuters)
1. A protester holds a flower as thousands commemorate fellow protesters killed during recent clashes at Taksim Square in Istanbul on June 22, 2013. Turkish riot police fired water cannon to clear thousands of protesters from Istanbul’s Taksim Square on Saturday, the first such confrontation there in nearly a week.
2. Protesters raise their hands during a commemoration for fellow protesters killed during recent clashes at Taksim Square in Istanbul on June 22, 2013.
3. Protesters hold flowers during a commemoration for fellow protesters killed during recent clashes at Taksim Square in Istanbul on June 22, 2013.
4. A riot policeman uses a mobile phone to film protesters at Taksim Square in Istanbul June 22, 2013.
5. Protesters try to stop an armored crowd control truck from which the riot police fire water cannon at Taksim Square in Istanbul June 22, 2013.
6. Protesters scuffle and throw flowers at riot police at Taksim Square in Istanbul June 22, 2013.
7. Protesters run as the riot police fire water cannon at Taksim Square in Istanbul June 22, 2013.
8. Riot police enters in Taksim Square to disperse protesters in Istanbul June 22, 2013.
9. A protester rises his hands as riot police fire a water cannon at Taksim Square in Istanbul June 22, 2013.
10. A man protects a woman as riot police fire a water cannon at Taksim Square in Istanbul June 22, 2013.